Elevated liver enzymes is a medical term used for describing state of abnormally high liver enzymes in a patient. Such a status could be because of a major underlying medical problem, while in some situations the underlying medical cause is not as serious in nature. The phrase does not relate to any specific condition, but just the product of some other condition or perhaps an illness (that is, the expanded enzyme levels).
One possible underlying cause might be diabetes. There are a variety of forms of diabetes, from type one diabetes, to type two diabetes, to gestational diabetes, and others. Furthermore, similar to the other diseases and conditions mentioned in this post, diabetes can come with independent symptoms.
High triglycerides might also lead to this condition. Triglycerides are a form of extra fat, in which a particle of glycerol combines with three essential fatty acids. In dietary sources, triglycerides are often present in animal fat as well as vegetable oils. If a patient has abnormally elevated amounts of triglycerides in the blood, he's considered to have very high triglycerides (hypertriglyceridemia).
Several infections can also bring on elevated liver enzymes. A small number of these include mononucleosis as well as viral hepatitis. Mononucleosis, typically brought on by the Epstein Barr virus, is a condition regarding an abnormal proliferation of lymphocytes in the person's blood. Viral hepatitis is a form of liver inflammation, which may be possibly acute or chronic.
Tumors might also cause elevated liver enzymes. All those which are seen to lead to this status include tumors found in the pancreas, bile duct, or the liver directly. Tumors need not necessarily be cancerous (malignant), as even benign ones could end up resulting in elevated liver enzymes, despite not being cancer.
Use of some herbal supplements in a lot might also bring abnormally high liver enzymes. Several of these herbs which may increase the amounts when taken in excessive sums include: comfrey, kava kava, and pennyroyal.